Programming languages prove to be the bridge between the user and the device through which operating systems and applications are developed. There is an immense number of coding languages that serve different purposes.
Most of the in-demand jobs offered by agencies that offer website development services require an individual to know at least one programming skill. From data analytics to developing websites, programming languages have wide-ranging applicability. Even most modern web design trends require designers to at least have a basic level understanding of programming to create the required designs and then relay to the developer the exact trajectory through which they are required to be coded.
If you, too, are aiming to pursue a career in any of these in-demand industries, then you need to develop your skills for one or more of these programming languages to give you an edge over your peers for the near future.
But what programming language should I opt for? This is perhaps the most difficult question of them all. If you choose the wrong language to learn for programming, you will be left ruing your chances very soon, so you will need to know about the most trending programming languages today.
Here, we present a list of the best programming languages to learn in 2020, along with their pros and cons, to make you aware of their importance in the coding world.
Python came into being in 1991 by Guido Van Rossum, an open-source, free-to-download programming language with good features for beginners who have no or low coding knowledge. It is mostly useful for data analysis, deep learning, and machine learning. If you are interested in Artificial Intelligence, you should definitely consider learning Python.
Java, invented in 1996 and owned by Oracle Corporation, is a widely-used programming language around the globe. It is generally known for its Object-Oriented Programming capabilities. It is complex as compared to Python.
Till now, it was the preferred programming language for Android until Kotlin superseded it. But still, Java has a lot of importance in the world of coding even now.
Swift is an open-source programming language by Apple in 2014 and is suitable for Mac and Linux. It’s an emerging coding language mainly due to its simplicity. It is as simple as the English language itself. It is fast and secure and gives an amazing and elegant outlook to the applications it helps develop.
To overcome the challenges faced by developers while writing code, Google decided to develop the Go programming language. Go is considered to be highly agile and suitable for developing scalable web entities. A surge has been observed in its demand and is expected to grow more by 2021.
R, invented in New Zealand at the University of Auckland by Ross IhakaR and Robert Gentleman, is a programming language developed with a principal focus on Machine Learning and is mostly suitable for Data Analysis. It is an open-source software environment that provides users with exceptional statistical features.
Just like Google developed Go, it also introduced the world with Kotlin programming language in 2011. Codes written in Kotlin can work well on Java and vice versa. Kotlin is also comparable to Python in many ways, so learning Kotlin won’t be a major issue for you if you already know about Python.
It is open-source with no license requirement and provides a friendly environment to the developers, and works efficiently. Google has declared that Kotlin is its official programming language.
Scala is yet another effort to overcome the challenges faced by Java programmers. It is not only an object-oriented programming language but a functional programming language as well. It was released in 2004 and aimed at easing the issues that developers face when they require a high standard language without too many complexities.
Although there are a plethora of top programming languages, it is a crystal-clear fact that Python and Java rule the coding world. All coding languages have their own distinct pros and cons. The final choice depends on the developer’s needs and requirements to go for the best possible option.